The Temporal Lobe is located on the side of the head just above the ears. The right side is responsible for perceptual skills, such as spatial relationships and visual organization. The left side controls expressive language and is called the Wernicke’s area. Although memory is a function of the brain as a whole, memory is strongly language based.
Damage to the temporal lobe significantly affects these skills.
- Hearing ability
- Memory acquisition
- Some visual perceptions
- Categorization of objects
- Difficulty in recognizing faces (Prosopagnosia)
- Difficulty in understanding spoken works (Wernicke’s Aphasia)
- Disturbance with selective attention to what we see and hear
- Difficulty with identification of and verbalization about objects
- Interference with long-term memory
- Increased or decreased interest in sexual behavior
- Inability to categorize objects (Categorization)
- Right lobe damage can cause persistent talking
- Increased aggressive behavior
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